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Second Grade Curriculum

Phonics and Reading:

Phonics instruction is completed, in that all rules have been taught. Students read silently for longer periods of time. Group reading of good literature emphasizes the development and determining of character motivation and plot sequence.

Both basal readers and novels are used.

Vocabulary and spelling work is done both in the context of reading and in isolation.

Memorization includes weekly poems and public speaking to include research reports on states and biographies of famous Americans.


Grammar instruction includes alphabetical word order, nouns, pronouns and their antecedents, adjectives, contractions, possessives, types of sentences, capitalization rules, agreement, tense, and conjugation of verbs.


Writing lessons emphasize the formal process (outline, draft, edit, revise) and more advanced composition skills, such as varied word selection, detail, and paragraphing. Assignments include descriptive writing, how-to paragraphs, friendly letters, and time sequencing. Emphasis will be on writing being fun and enjoyable.


Cursive writing is introduced and assignments are gradually required to be completed in cursive rather than manuscript. By year’s end, all written work should be in cursive.


Students master addition and subtraction facts to twenty; learn place value to the hundred thousands; round numbers to the nearest tens, hundreds, and thousands; estimate addition and subtraction problems; solve story problems involving addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division; memorize all multiplication tables; practice long multiplication and division; review time to the minute; read graphs; drill with mental, oral math questions. Saxon Math 3 is followed.

Logic and Computers:

Students enlarge vocabulary with more challenging antonyms and synonyms, distinguish between real and unreal, divide drawings and words into sets, distinguish between parts and a whole, use map-reading skills, complete analogies, reproduce and enlarge given figures.

Computer learning involves more logic procedures (circles, half circles, repeats), grater proficiency in keyboarding, and reinforcement of academic learning through learning programs.

Social Studies:

Studies center around the 25 eastern states, their location, capital, and major products. Students expand their understanding of the past through the study of the lives and accomplishments of important American leaders from these states (e.g., George Washington, James Madison, Abraham Lincoln) and famous scientists and inventors (e.g., Benjamin Franklin, the Wright Brothers, Thomas Edison). Two oral reports related to these states are required.


Topics include parts of plants and their uses; consumers, producers, and food chains; matter: its properties, states, measurement, changes; the formation of weather and climate; and cells, tissues, organ, and body care.

Wild Goose science lab allows hands-on experiments relating to the mentioned topics.


Fundamental theory will be introduced and a varied selection of songs will allow for music appreciation and enjoyment. We will also learn about the following famous composers: Bach, Beethoven, Mozart, and Tchaikovsky.


Drawing of items using basic shapes is presented daily.

Art projects and seasonal items are created using weaving, texture, cutting, painting, clay, yarn, seeds.

Art History: biographies on Michelangelo, Leonardo, Rembrandt, Van Gogh.

Art concepts will be introduced in conjunction with learning about the famous artist. For instance, while learning about Michelangelo and Leonardo we will learn about facial proportion and do self-portraits. When we learn about depth and composition we will do construction paper landscapes.

Physical Education:

A program of physical activities to cover body control (flexibility, agility, balance, direction, speed, and intensity), simple sports skills (running, jumping, throwing, catching, and kicking), and basic games and their rules (kickball, soccer, basketball).

Presidential and National physical fitness requirements will be practiced throughout the year and passed off as proficiency develops.