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Fifth Grade Curriculum

Phonics and Reading:

Thorough application of critical thinking and reading, using novels and a basal reader with excerpts from classical children’s literature (Anne of Green Gables, The Phantom Tollbooth, Lassie, A Wrinkle in Time, Pompeii, Island of the Blue Dolphins). Students discuss plot and characterization in detail, interpret conditional statements, and distinguish stated and implied main ideas.

Two hundred pages per month of supplemental reading are required with a written book report.

Memorization includes weekly poetry assignments and quarterly speeches (how-tos, retell a story, and researched report).

Grammar:

Grammar topics include types of sentences; simple, complete, and compound subjects and predicates; nouns (common, proper, singular, plural, and possessive); verbs (linking, helping, action, regular, irregular, tenses, and agreement); Dewey decimal system and parts of a book; adverbs; adjectives (common, proper, and predicate); roots, prefixes, suffixes, compound words, homographs, and homonyms; pronouns (subject, object, possessive, reflexive, and antecedents); prepositions and prepositional phrases; conjunctions, appositives, interjections;introductions and interviewing; use of encyclopedia, atlas, almanac, and dictionary; and direct objects.

Composition:

Written work includes short essays and stories; letters (friendly, business, and thank you); paragraphs (time order, space order, cause and effect, descriptive, how to, conversation, and compare/contrast); topic and detail sentences; inverted word order and clauses; use of the thesaurus; research skills for a required research report including note-taking, outlining, rough draft, proofreading, editing, and final copy. Students are expected to apply their knowledge of grammar, spelling, and vocabulary to final drafts.

Handwriting:

Cursive letter formation is reviewed with emphasis on consistent slant and spacing.

Math:

Students study fractions (proper, improper, mixed numbers, adding, subtracting, multiplying, dividing, conversion, reduction, canceling and find the common denominator); place value through hundred millions; Roman numerals through thousands; long division and multiplication; factoring; rounding numbers to the nearest ten, hundred, and thousand; decimals (adding, subtracting, multiplying, dividing, and converting); interpretation of line, circle, and bar graphs; story problems involving all four operations and several steps; percentages; reciprocals, ratios; negative numbers; and measurement. Saxon Math 76 is used.

Geometry includes symmetry; congruence; parallel, perpendicular, and intersecting lines; angles (acute, obtuse, right, sum of a square and triangle); relations among length, area, and volume; features of circles, cylinders, spheres, and cones.

Logic and Computers:

Students increase vocabulary with defined lists, arrange the order of details in a selection, distinguish between fact and fiction, identify an unstated opinion, propaganda techniques, distinguish between parts and a whole, complete and initiate analogies, determine connotations of synonyms and antonyms, and apply introductory Latin to root words and derivatives.

Computer learning involves all the concepts of Logo, as well as improved speed and accuracy in keyboarding. Learning programs reinforce academic learning.

Social Studies:

TEXTBOOK: United States, Its History and Neighbors (HBJ)

The scope of American history is covered: American landscape and regions are reviewed; the first Americans (Indians) are defined; Europeans explore and settle; life in the American colonies; the American Revolution; the new nation; Civil War; modern times to the twentieth century.

Early explorers (e.g., Eric the Red, Lief Ericson, Marco Polo, Columbus, Magellan) and famous Americans (e.g., Washington Irving, Ben Franklin, Paul Revere, Abraham Lincoln, George Washington, John Audubon) are researched, enjoyed, and appreciated.

All countries and capitals of South America are memorized.

Various oral and written reports are required throughout this course. Research and creativity are combined for effective projects.

A variety of map work is completed.

Science:

Science topics include a special emphasis on the life sciences: classifying organisms; reproduction of plants and animals; ecosystems; basic structures, systems, and functions of the human body.

Additional topics from the earth and physical sciences include problems of pollution and conservation; study of stars, telescopes, rockets, and satellites; classification of matter; static and current electricity; energy transfer; and fuel resources and options.

Wild Goose science lab allows hands-on experiments relating to the above-mentioned topics.

Music:

Basic theory, rhythms, and mood will be discussed; a variety of songs will allow enjoyment and appreciation; preparation for school programs involves basic showmanship and staging. Some composers will be introduced.

Art:

Daily drawing assignments are developments from basic shapes, faces are explored, and some perspective is introduced.

Weekly seasonal projects include weaving, painting, modeling, dip-and-drape, various-medium compositions, and craft items.

Art composition and color coordination are discussed, along with focal point determination.

Some artists are introduced.

Physical Education:

A general program of fitness and interaction. Activities involve the skills and rules of group games (soccer, basketball, kickball, and softball). Sportsmanship is stressed.

Presidential and National fitness requirements are systematically practiced throughout the year and passed off as proficiency develops.

Skiing is enjoyed by the school group in the winter for six weekly sessions.